Painting Gallery 21
The Acad?mie had an annual, juried art show, the Salon de Paris, and artists whose work was displayed in the show won prizes, garnered commissions, and enhanced their prestige. The standards of the juries represented the values of the Acad?mie, represented by the works of such artists as Jean-L?on G?r?me and Alexandre Cabanel. Some younger artists painted in a lighter and brighter manner than painters of the preceding generation, extending further the realism of Gustave Courbet and the Barbizon school. They were more interested in painting landscape and contemporary life than in recreating scenes from history. Each year, the works they submitted to the Salon jury were rejected in favour of works by artists faithful to the approved style. A group of young realists, Claude Monet, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Alfred Sisley, and Fr?d?ric Bazille, who had studied under Charles Gleyre, became friends and often painted together. They gathered at the Caf? Guerbois, where the discussions were often led by ?douard Manet, whom the younger artists greatly admired. They were soon joined by Camille Pissarro, Paul C?zanne, and Armand Guillaumin.
Lamps and Sunlight
Edgar Degas was both an avid photographer and a collector of Japanese prints. His The Dance Class (La classe de danse) of 1874 shows both influences in its asymmetrical composition. The dancers are seemingly caught off guard in various awkward poses, leaving an expanse of empty floor space in the lower right quadrant. His dancers were also captured in sculpture such as The Little Fourteen-Year-Old Dancer. Source: Wikipedia.